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Inherit Gu Jiegang's academic spirit

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Born in 1893 in Wu County of Jiangsu Province, Gu Jiegang was a renowned scholar of significant influence on the development of Chinese contemporary academy. Before 1949, many Japanese scholars, especially those at prestigious universities such as University of Tokyo, Kyoto University and Imperial University, looked down upon Chinese scholars except Gu Jiegang and Chen Yuan. After the founding of the People's Republic of China, Gu Jiegang had served as a professor at Fudan University, a member of the Institute of History, Chinese Academy of Sciences, vice chairman of Chinese Folk Art Association and a member of the CPPCC. He was a renowned master in history in China and abroad, the inaugurator of Chinese Historical Geography and folklore, and the founder of the School of Doubting Ancient History.
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He entered Peking University in 1913, and graduated from the Philosophy Department of Peking University in 1920, which happens to be the crucial time that Peking University went through a massive adjustment and formed the comprehensive and open-minded academic atmosphere.
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When Gu Jiegang studied in Peking University, he attended Zhang Taiyan’s lectures on Sinology, and later took the classes of Zhang’s disciples Ma Yuzao and Shen .Jianshi. The tradition of "careful scrutiny of Chinese history" in Zhang’s disciples has served as a guide in his academic career. When he came into the Institute of Philosophy, Professor Hu Shi also had significant influence on him. In Gu’s future study on Ancient Chinese History, it is easy to find the marks of Hu’s "evolutionary historical theory" and "the method of historical development".
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Since Western learning spread into China, Chinese scholars have gradually accepted its methods and adopted them in their study on Chinese Literature History, which has become a general trend in Chinese academic circles after the New Culture Movement. The influence Gu drew from Western learning could be defined as “rationality” and “science”. “Rationality” refers to the attitude towards study, while “science” refers to the method of study. The skepticism inherited from Chinese academic tradition and western learning made Gu Jiegang a master in New History Study.
Source: en.gmw.cn
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